Module - Information and Communication Technology


Work-based learning outcomes


  1. Comply with the information governance and operational management requirements for clinical systems
  2. Identify the ICT infrastructure requirements for a diagnostic imaging service, including networking, data storage and interconnectivity
  3. Develop, validate and verify novel image processing applications in diagnostic imaging

Work-based Competencies


Learning outcome Title Knowledge
1 1

Critically appraise the information governance and operational management requirements for departmental systems

  • Outline the NHS strategy for use of ICT in healthcare
  • Detailed awareness of data protection principles and associated legislation
  • Relevant ICT standards adopted by the NHS
  • Methods of protecting security of Picture Archiving and Communications System (PACS), patient information systems and system security clearances
2 1

Write procedures for the operational management of a clinical computer system

  • Operational procedures in the various imaging modalities and key imaging requirements
  • Operations of major components of computers, including hardware, software, computer topologies and networks
  • Implications of upgrades (hardware and software)
3 1

Undertake a range of system administration tasks on a nuclear medicine or diagnostic radiology system

  • Methods of testing of hardware and software to ensure operations are within system performance standards
  • Methods of protecting integrity of a system, including back-up and disaster recovery procedures, anti-virus software, firewalls, authentication and encryption
4 2

Critically appraise the ICT infrastructure requirements for a diagnostic imaging service

  • Diagnostic imaging requirements of the various modalities
  • Requirements and limitations for networking systems
5 1

Discuss the interconnectivity requirements of DICOM

  • Relevant DICOM statement
  • Local and wide area networking with reference to the ISO model and network topologies
6 3

Write a user specification for the requirements of a novel image processing application

  • How to analyse a problem and identify the parts that are appropriate for a computer-based imaging solution
  • End-user requirements
  • Competencies of the user in regard to using the system
  • Appropriate image processing software tools
7 3

Develop a novel image processing application

  • Document each routine and clear description of each image manipulation
  • Select, justify and apply appropriate techniques and principles to develop data structures and algorithms for the solution of problems
  • Design, implement and document an effective solution using appropriate software
8 3

Develop and implement a verification and validation plan for a novel image processing application Release application software for clinical use Audit use in clinical environment

  • Appropriate software testing standards
  • Use test data to verify and validate data, including simulated and real clinical image data
  • Documentation of test results is required
9 3

Write user and technical documentation in support of a novel image processing application Provide user training

  • Detailed user-friendly document and importance of concise instructions
  • Description of the methodology underpinning the image processing applications
  • Limitations and errors of use of the imaging tool are documented and solved

Work-based assessment


Complete 1 Case-Based Discussion(s)
Complete 1 of the following DOPS and/or OCEs
Type Title
DOPS Develop a software application to support image acquisition
DOPS Develop a software application to support image analysis
DOPS Undertake a range of system administration tasks on a nuclear medicine or diagnostic radiology system
DOPS Design a system to analyse quality control results
DOPS Develop a program to plot the acoustic pressure profile of an ultrasound beam using a hydrophone
DOPS Investigate the sensitivity profiles of ultrasound probe(s) using relevant software
DOPS Demonstrate how to perform (train?) a post processing task to another healthcare professional.
DOPS Carry out QA checks on a piece of radiation safety software or a spreadsheet
DOPS Compose a spreadsheet to make a rapid assessment of personal doses for a radiation emergency exercise or incident
DOPS Demonstrate use of a piece of radiation safety software or a spreadsheet
DOPS Carry out an audit of risk for a clinical or radiation safety ICT process
DOPS Appraise or develop software for the production of risk assessments, e.g. staff risks from nursing nuclear medicine patients
DOPS Appraise or develop software for the management of radioactive waste
DOPS Appraise or develop image analysis software
OCE For a range of scanners across various departments, record the range and values of minimum and maximum gain and mean gain, minimum to maximum colour gain and mean colour gain. Comment on these readings and the clinical implications of your findings.
OCE Observe a clinical scan and investigate differences in image quality between those images viewed on a scanner and images transferred via PACS
OCE Draw up a list of ultrasound scanners used in various departments including information on: Manufacturer, model, date of purchase, software revisions, purchase costs (where available) and probe types. What commonality is there between different departments? Does this reflect optimal clinical practice?
OCE Explain to non-scientific staff the governance arrangements for a complex clinical ICT system