Module - Introduction to Healthcare Science, Professional Practice and Clinical Leadership (SCC110)

STP

Aim of this module

The overall aim of this introductory module is to provide all trainees with a broad knowledge and understanding of science and scientific knowledge, contextualised to the practice of healthcare science and the services provided by their healthcare science division/specialism. Central to this is the contribution of healthcare science to patient care, patient safety, service delivery, research and innovation, often at the cutting edge of science, for example genomics and bioinformatics. Each trainee must have the underpinning knowledge and apply this and the accompanying skills and attitudes to work as a healthcare scientist in accordance with Good Scientific Practice (GSP).  All members of the healthcare science workforce must understand the impact of their work on patients and patient care and remember that their work has a direct or indirect impact on patient care.

As an introductory module it is expected to provide an overview and reinforcement of key concepts with respect to the organisation, structure and function of the body, and important areas such as the psychosocial aspects of health and disease, clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, genomics and bioinformatics. A major focus of this module is professional practice. GSP sets out the principles and values on which the practice of Healthcare Science is undertaken. It sets out for the profession and the public the standards of behaviour and practice that must be achieved and maintained in the delivery of work activities and the provision of care. This module encompasses the knowledge, skills, experience and attitudes across four of the five domains of Good Scientific Practice, namely Professional Practice, Scientific Practice, Clinical Practice, Research and Development, and Clinical Leadership, but all other modules within this programme will contribute to embedding professional practice at the centre of the work of each trainee.This module will introduce and critically review the frameworks and academic literature underpinning professional practice and enable trainees to gain the knowledge, skills, experience and tools to develop, improve and maintain high standards of professional practice at all times.

Work-based learning outcomes


Professional Practice

1. Place the patient at the centre of care in daily practice, ensuring the needs of patients are respected.

2. Communicate with patients, relatives, service users, other healthcare professionals, colleagues and the public with respect, empathy and sensitivity, including listening, speaking, giving and receiving information, giving and receiving feedback.

3. Respond to the ethical and legal issues and challenges arising from the practice of Healthcare Science.

4. Demonstrate a commitment to the continuing professional development of themselves and others, and attend professional meetings. 

Clinical Practice

5. Make appropriate and effective use of information and communication technology.

6. Under supervision, obtain a patient history from a normal volunteer or typical patient referred to your service and present the findings to a colleague or peer in order to understand the clinical decision-making process in clinical practice.

7. Promote the importance of patient safety and general health, safety and security in the workplace, including infection control and information governance. 

Research, Development and Innovation

8. Apply knowledge, skills and experience of research, development and innovation appropriate to the role in order to identify effectively actions that will improve service provision.

9. Engage in evidence-based practice, participate in audit procedures and critically search for, appraise and identify innovative approaches to practice and delivery. 

Clinical Leadership

10. Demonstrate a range of leaderships skills required of an emerging leader within Healthcare Science.

Work-based Competencies


Learning outcome Title Knowledge
1 1

Treat each patient as an individual, respecting their dignity and confidentiality and upholding the rights, values and autonomy of every service user.

  • NHS Constitution.
  • Patient-centred care and the patient carer perspective with respect to:
    • response to illness
    • patient and carer perspective
    • health belief models
    • diversity of the patient experience
    • disability, including learning disabilities
    • potential health inequalities
    • self-care
    • impact of life-threatening and critical conditions
    • patient involvement in decisions regarding their
  • Local guidelines for responding to unacceptable behaviour by patients, carers, relatives, peers and colleagues, including harassment, bullying and violent behaviour.
2 1

Discuss personal values, principles and assumptions, emotions and prejudices, and how these may influence personal judgement and behaviour, and identify how you will practise in accordance with Good Scientific Practice.

  • Good Scientific Practice.
  • The importance of maintaining own health.
3 2

Communicate effectively with the public, services users and other healthcare professionals, adapting communication style and language to meet the needs of listeners.

  • The principles of effective communication including:
    • written and electronic, verbal and non-verbal and feedback
    • the way effective communication can assist in identifying problems accurately, increase patient satisfaction, enhance treatment adherence, and reduce patient distress and anxiety
    • the importance of some key ideas, for example signposting, listening, language, non-verbal behaviour, ideas, beliefs, concerns, expectations and summarising in communication
    • the range of question types that can be used in a communication.
4 2

Give and receive feedback sensitively to or from a peer or colleague.

  • The range of feedback models for giving and receiving feedback.
  • The evidence base underpinning the importance of effective feedback/feedback models.
5 2

Obtain, analyse and act on feedback from a variety of sources and use it to consider personal impact and change behaviour.

  • How to analyse feedback and frameworks for action planning.
  • Behavioural change models.
6 2

Present complex ideas in understandable terms in both oral and written formats.

  • The importance of public engagement in science and its role in health and society.
  • The factors that enable scientists to communicate to specialist and non-specialist audiences.
  • Barriers to effective communication.
7 2

Use effective negotiation skills, including influencing colleagues.

  • Communication channels with/in your host department; patients and the public; your employing institution; your profession and professional body; the wider Healthcare Science community.
8 2

Work constructively and effectively as a member of a multidisciplinary team.

  • The underpinning principles of effective teamwork and working within and across professional boundaries.
9 3

Comply with relevant guidance and laws, to include those relating to:

  • your scope of practice
  • research ethics and governance
  • patient confidentiality
  • data protection
  • equality and diversity
  • use of chaperones
  • informed consent.
  • Principles, guidance and law with respect to:
    • medical ethics
    • confidentiality
    • information governance
    • informed consent
    • equality and diversity
    • child protection
    • elder abuse
    • use of chaperones
    • probity
    • fitness to practise.
    • The importance of maintaining your own health.
10 4

Contribute to the education and training of colleagues.

  • The key principles and evidence base underpinning clinical education, encompassing curriculum design, planning, delivery and assessment.
11 4

Take responsibility for your learning and demonstrate a commitment to continuing professional development.

  • How continuous personal development can improve personal performance.
12 4

Meet commitments and goals in your professional practice, using a range of organisational and planning tools.

  • Different methods of planning, prioritising and organising, and how they can enhance personal effectiveness.
13 4

Reflect on your practice and generate a reflective diary that demonstrates how you utilise the skills required of an independent learner and your commitment to your continuing professional development.

  • Core theories of learning, particularly adult learning and reflective practice, and demonstrate how these are relevant to your practice as a healthcare scientist.
  • Personal values, principles and assumptions, emotions and prejudices, understanding how these may influence personal judgement and behaviour.
  • The role of critical reflection and reflective practice and the methods of reflection that can be used to maintain or improve knowledge, skills and attitudes.
14 4

Take responsibility for keeping your professional and scientific knowledge and skills up to date.

  • How to horizon scan, identify and evaluate the potential role for new and innovative technologies and scientific advances.
15 5

Use a range of information and communication technologies within the workplace for service delivery, research, audit and innovation, including data filing and archiving:

  • word processing
  • databases
  • statistics packages
  • PowerPoint
  • internet
  • email.
  • The range and application of clinical information systems used in the work base.
  • The systems in use in the work base to file and archive information and the processes for retrieval. 
  • The principles underpinning identification, storage and retrieval of scientific literature for example end note/end note web.
  • The purpose of a range of NHS information systems, including the regulations in place to ensure data security and confidentiality. This may include hospital information system, linked information systems (e.g. laboratory information management system) and middleware linking equipment to information systems.
16 6

Under supervision, demonstrate that you can obtain and present a patient history from a normal volunteer or consenting patient in order to better understand the clinical decision-making process in your clinical practice.

  • The importance of patient-centred care and how it ensures that the wishes, beliefs, concerns, expectations and needs of patients are respected.
  • Patient and carer perspective with respect to illness, disability, health inequalities and diversity of the patient experience.
  • Structured models for presenting a patient history.
  • Process of patient-centred interviewing and the features of a good consultation, including initiating the session, gathering information, building the relationship, explaining and planning, and closing the session.
  • Link between the patient history and examination and development of clinical investigation and management plans.
17 7

Apply current regulations with respect to patient safety and safe systems within the workplace. To include, as appropriate to scope of practice:

  • risk management
  • biological specimen handling
  • COSHH
  • RIDDOR
  • radioactivity
  • fire safety
  • electrical safety
  • moving and handling
  • display screen equipment
  • incident reporting
  • infection control.

 

  • The importance of health and safety within the workplace, wider healthcare environment and NHS.
  • Principles, process and governance of risk management.
  • Factors influencing health, safety and security.
  • Current legislation, codes of practice, guidance notes and related documents.
  • Principles and practice of health and safety in the workplace.The cause of errors related to patient safety, including patient and/or sample identification.
  • The requirements of relevant local health and safety guidelines, manuals and other documents, including the underpinning legislation.
18 7

Use clinical coding and medical terminology in accordance with stated guidance, as appropriate to scope of practice.

  • The importance of the correct use of clinical coding and medical terminology in contributing to good healthcare science practice.
  • Information governance principles and process.
19 7

Keep accurate records in accordance with current guidelines and the legal framework for data security.

  • Best practice recommendations for record keeping and data security.
  • The Data Protection Act and current key guidelines, and the legal framework for data security.
20 7

Use, in your practice:

  • standard operating procedures
  • protocols
  • clinical guidelines.
  • Standard operating procedure, protocol and guideline, and understand the purpose of and difference between each document.
  • Evidence base that underpins the use of procedures employed by the service.
21 7

Continuously improve your practice through good practice in:

  • identifying common sources of error
  • identification of risk
  • reporting critical incidents.
  • The desirability of monitoring performance, internal and external quality control, learning from mistakes and adopting a no-blame culture in order to ensure high standards of care and optimise patient safety.
  • The importance of honesty and effective apology in responding to errors of practice.
  • The principles and practice of risk management and the effective investigation of incidents, resulting in the identification of root causes.
22 8,9

Participate in innovation, research, service development and audit activities complying with compliance with guidance and laws relating to research ethics.

  • The importance of innovation across healthcare science.
  • The role of innovation in improving quality and patient care.
  • Processes to disseminate innovation, research and audit findings.
  • The role of the healthcare scientist and the potential impact of scientific research in your area of practice.
  • The role of the healthcare scientist in service developments in your area of practice.
  • Current and developing clinical practice.
  • The effectiveness of investigations, therapies, interventions and treatments and the mechanisms by which they contribute to patient care.
  • How to horizon scan, identify and evaluate the potential role for new and innovative technologies and scientific advances.
  • The role of the healthcare scientist and the potential impact of scientific developments, for example health prevention, genomic medicine, diagnostics and rehabilitation.
  • The importance of public engagement in science and its role in health and society.
  • The legal framework relevant to informed consent and the application to clinical care, research, audit and teaching.
23 8,9

Contribute to service and quality improvement and productivity in the work base and embed evidence-based developments within routine practice.

  • How planning can actively contribute to the achievement of service goals.
  • How to measure and monitor performance against agreed targets.
  • The current structure, management, legal framework and quality improvement structures and processes within the NHS.
  • The current quality improvement structures and processes within the NHS and give examples of the implications for Healthcare Science.
  • Importance of self-care and shared care as part of NHS function and the impact of life-threatening and critical conditions.
  • Principles and application of evidence-based practice.
24 8,9

Undertake a literature review and prepare and present to peers a critical analysis of a publication from the scientific literature.

  • How to critically analyse scientific literature.
  • How to structure and present a critical analysis.
  • Systems of referencing.
  • Reference manager software.
25 8,9

Prepare and deliver an oral scientific communication to peers at a local, national or international meeting.

  • How to prepare an oral scientific communication.
  • How to give an effective and timely oral presentation.
  • How to respond to questioning.
26 10

Lead in your clinical role through appropriate application of:

  • self-management
  • self-development
  • integrity
  • self-direction
  • problem solving
  • dealing with complex issues
  • making sound judgements in the absence of complete data.
  • How self-awareness, self-management and self-development and acting with integrity at all times contribute to leadership.
  • The use of evidence, both positive and negative to identify options in addressing challenges.
  • Methods of prioritising and organising academic and work based tasks to optimise own performance.
27 10

Identify potential areas for change and accept change identified by others, working across different provider landscapes as required.

  • Structure of the NHS.
  • The need for change, working across different provider landscapes as required.
  • Change management methodologies.
28 4

Develop an action plan based on your experiential learning and reflection on completion of the Scientist Training Programme.

  • Action planning.
  • Models and frameworks for critical reflection.

Work-based assessment


Complete 0 Case-Based Discussion(s)
Complete 0 of the following DOPS and/or OCEs
Type Title
OCE