Public Health Worldwide Implications for Clinical Microbiology (SLS224)

10 credits

Aim of this module

This module will provide the trainee with knowledge and understanding of the infection risks, investigative strategies and epidemiological changes associated with global travel, climate change and cultural environment. They will understand the strategy to prevent the spread of pandemic influenza and the global challenge of sexually transmitted infection and bioterrorism.

1. Perform laboratory methods and clinical investigations for the management of infectious diseases associated with worldwide travel and immigration. Interpret and report results in the correct clinical context.
2. Critically evaluate and recommend strategies to prevent infections in travellers.
3. Evaluate the epidemiology of common traveller/migration-associated infectious diseases.
4. Comply with quality management system in the laboratory (and point-of-care) investigation of the pathogens related to this module.
5. Evaluate the interaction of national and international agencies in the planned prevention and management of pandemic influenza and bioterrorism.
6. Evaluate the global response to the investigation, prevention and management of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infectious diseases.
7. Work in partnership with other clinical specialisms, governments and agencies in being prepared for and implementing worldwide public health strategies.
8. Evaluate the global burden of global infectious diseases, such as malaria, tuberculosis and other significant pathogens in developing countries.

Number Work-based learning outcome Title Knowledge
1 1

Receive, process and store specimens referred for infectious diseases associated with worldwide travel and immigration in line with health and safety and laboratory procedures.

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2 1

Perform laboratory investigations to contribute to investigation of at least two of the following:

  • malaria
  • haemorrhagic fever
  • pandemic influenza
  • common tropical infections.
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3 3,4

Advise on diagnosis, prevention and treatment of travel-related or imported infections.

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4 3,4

Advise on the management of potential incidents involving biological agents.

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5 4,6,8

Evaluate the global response to the investigation, prevention and management of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infectious diseases.

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6 4,6,8

Evaluate the global response to the investigation, prevention and management of tuberculosis.

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7 1,2,5

Perform quality assurance and quality control tasks within the laboratory in the investigation of infectious diseases associated with worldwide travel and immigration.

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8 3,4,5,7,8

Knowledge of specialist reference laboratories for infectious diseases associated with worldwide travel and immigration.

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9 6,7,8

Select and use relevant software packages that assist with modelling the global spread of infectious diseases.

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You must complete
2 Case-based discussion(s)
2 of the following DOPS / OCEs
Assessment Title Type
Perform serology and typing, if appropriate, of a travel related infectious disease DOPS
Perform molecular diagnosis and typing, if appropriate of a travel related infectious disease DOPS
Perform the molecular detection and typing of influenza DOPS
Perform and interpret genotyping and or drug resistance data for HIV DOPS
Perform and interpret genotyping and or drug resistance data for TB DOPS
Under supervision obtain a patient history from a normal volunteer or typical patient referred to your service and present the findings to a colleague or peer OCE
Participate in a multidisciplinary clinical meeting ward round where the management of TB is discussed OCE
Participate in a multidisciplinary clinical meeting ward round where the management of HIV is discussed OCE

Important information

The academic parts of this module will be detailed and communicated to you by your university. Please contact them if you have questions regarding this module and its assessments. The module titles in your MSc may not be exactly identical to the work-based modules shown in the e-portfolio. Your modules will be aligned, however, to ensure that your academic and work-based learning are complimentary.

Learning Outcomes

1. Describe the pathogenesis of important microbial diseases associated with worldwide travel and immigration, including food, water-borne infections and common causes of infection in returning travellers.
2. Explain the epidemiology, range of surveillance tools, infection control mechanisms and clinical investigations used in the detection and management of common tropical infections associated with travel and immigration.
3. Evaluate the role of the World Health Organisation (WHO), governments, health providers and the clinical microbiology laboratory in the provision of information for management and treatment of microbial infections associated with travel and immigration.
4. Explain the epidemiology, distribution, investigation and management of pandemic influenza and other global infectious diseases.
5. Discuss the global challenge caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and other sexually transmitted infectious diseases and the steps being taken to reduce risk and manage the problem.
6. Describe and critically evaluate the roles of key organisations in world health and bioterrorism strategy development.
7. Discuss how Public Health England (PHE) and the PHE global health strategy contributes to improving global health and reducing global health inequalities, while helping to protect and improve health in England.

Indicative Content

  • Pathogens involved in food- and water-borne infections in the UK and beyond, and the role of the laboratory in investigation
  • Common causes of infection in returning travellers (e.g. malaria, viral haemorrhagic fever)
  • Epidemiology, distribution and investigation of common tropical infections found in visitors or immigrants (e.g. malaria, tuberculosis, enteric fever, cholera, dysentery, schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, trypanosomiasis, gastrointestinal GIT parasites, dengue, yellow fever)
  • Infectious diseases found more commonly in the UK as a result of easier global travel (e.g. West Nile Virus, other arboviruses)
  • Epidemiology, distribution, investigation and management of pandemic influenza and other global infectious diseases. The role of the WHO, governments and health providers
  • The global challenge of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • Management of worldwide infectious disease (e.g. smallpox, rabies, tuberculosis)
  • Bioterrorism and measures to reduce risk
  • Public Health England (PHE) Global Health Strategy
  • The role of PHE in public health world-wide including:
    • Improving global health security and meeting responsibilities under the International Health Regulations
    • Responding to outbreaks and incidents of international concern, and supporting the public health response to humanitarian disasters
    • Building public health capacity
    • International engagement on aspects of health and wellbeing, and non-communicable diseases
    • Strengthening UK partnerships for global health activity