Imaging with Non Ionising Radiation 2 (SPE153)

30 credits

Aim of this module

This module provides the trainee with the knowledge that underpins the specialist rotation in Imaging with Non-Ionising Radiation in the third year of the MSc. 

Exposure Measurement

To ensure the trainee can appropriately measure levels of exposure and advice on safe working in areas where exposure may take place.

Information and Communication Technology

Use information and communication (ICT) in a manner relevant to the modalities.

Emerging Technologies

To evaluate an emerging non-ionising radiation imaging technique.

 

Important information

The academic parts of this module will be detailed and communicated to you by your university. Please contact them if you have questions regarding this module and its assessments. The module titles in your MSc may not be exactly identical to the work-based modules shown in the e-portfolio. Your modules will be aligned, however, to ensure that your academic and work-based learning are complimentary.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Discuss and critically evaluate the use of non-ionising radiation in treatment.
  2. Discuss appropriate image analysis/quantification techniques.
  3. Participate in the commissioning and quality assurance of MRI and ultrasound equipment.
  4. Explain biophotonic techniques and imaging using optical radiation.
  5. Discuss and appraise the IT environment in which imaging equipment operates.

Indicative Content

Fundamentals

  • MRI
    • specialist methods (e.g. magnetic resonance spectroscopy, perfusion MRI, diffusion MRI, functional MRI) and their clinical applications
    • contrast media
    • hyper-polarised imaging
    • factors that affect image quality
    • development of pulse sequences
    • magnetic resonance angiography
  • Ultrasound
    • Doppler – continuous wave, pulsed, colour and power. The Doppler spectrum
    • contrast media
    • harmonic imaging
    • factors that affect image quality

Clinical

  • Results from analyses (e.g. qualitative, quantitative) and the context in which they were acquired for MRI and ultrasound imaging
  • Limitations of applied acquisition and analysis protocols as this relates to interpretation
  • Physiological and pathological processes giving rise to image findings
  • The consequences of the result of the procedure to the patient’s overall clinical management, particularly in relation to radiotherapy and radiotherapy treatment planning

Image Display

  • Hard copy and soft copy display systems
  • External factors affecting image displays
  • Quality assurance of image display systems
  • Image perception

Treatments using Non-Ionising Radiation

  • UV
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Ultrasound, including HIFU and lithotripsy
  • Calibration and dosimetry
  • RF and microwave ablation

Biophotonics and Imaging using Optical Techniques

  • Laser Doppler imaging
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy

Technical

  • The requirements of equipment for calibration/QA, both generally and specific to each application
  • Appropriate methods for data reconstruction, pre-processing (e.g. registration, smoothing) and analysis (e.g. region of interest, curve generation)
  • Gated and time sequence imaging
  • The commissioning process for new equipment with reference to:
    • MRI
    • ultrasound
  • IT and networking
    • image analysis software
    • picture archiving and communication system (PACS)
    • specialist patient management systems, e.g. cardiology systems
    • networking and the network environment
    • system management, configuration control and software release
    • interoperability, DICOM RT, HL7 and messaging standards
    • links to hospital administration systems
    • legislative framework for IT, data protection
    • regulatory standards including IEC601 and the Medical Devices Directive as applied to software