Introduction to Ophthalmic and Vision Science (SPS203)

10 credits

Aim of this module

This module will provide the trainee with knowledge, understanding and awareness of the diversity of patients attending ophthalmic and vision science services. Trainees will observe a range of investigations and care pathways used in the management of a wide range of patients experiencing ophthalmic or vision difficulties.

  1. Measure visual acuity using a LogMAR chart for adult subjects.
  2. Perform an Ishihara colour vision assessment on an adult subject.
  3. Perform an automated static perimetry or confrontation visual field on an adult subject.
  4. Label the main peaks of a normal electroretinogram (ERG).
  5. Identify the landmarks of the eye and fundus in different imaging modalities.
Number Work-based learning outcome Title Knowledge
1 1,2,3,4,5

Control infection risks in accordance with departmental protocols.

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2 1,2,3,4,5

Minimise risks and hazards in compliance with health and safety policies.

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3 1,2,3,4,5

Plan investigations for various ophthalmic/vision referrals with supervisor.

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4 1,2,3,4,5

Prepare the environment and lighting level and select the 

needed for ophthalmic examination or measurement of:

  • visual acuity
  • Ishihara colour vision
  • ocular or retinal imaging
  • automated static perimetry or confrontational visual field.
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5 1,2

Obtain a full patient history from an adult patient (under supervision).

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6 1,2,3

Explain to an volunteer adult subject the procedure for:

  • visual acuity measurement
  • Ishihara colour vision assessment
  • automated static perimetry or confrontational visual field.
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7 1,2,3,4

Gain informed consent from a volunteer adult subject to:

  • Perform LogMAR visual acuity
  • Perform Ishihara colour vision assessment
  • take and store an ocular image
  • visual field or a confrontational field.
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8 1,2,3,4,5

Perform on a volunteer adult

  • LogMAR visual acuity with and without spectacles
  • Ishihara colour vision test
  • an automated static visual field or a confrontational field.

Examine:

  • normal ocular and retinal images
  • normal ERG traces.
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9 1

Write acuity measures using correct notation. Compare with UK car driving standard.

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You must complete
1 Case-based discussion(s)
1 of the following DOPS / OCEs
Assessment Title Type
Perform a visual acuity and colour assessment DOPS
Guide and assist patients with vision impairment DOPS
Obtain a detailed patient history and suggest an initial management strategy OCE

Important information

The academic parts of this module will be detailed and communicated to you by your university. Please contact them if you have questions regarding this module and its assessments. The module titles in your MSc may not be exactly identical to the work-based modules shown in the e-portfolio. Your modules will be aligned, however, to ensure that your academic and work-based learning are complimentary.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Describe, compare and contrast a range of methods and ophthalmic equipment used for the routine psychophysical assessment of patients’ vision.
  2. Describe the principles and equipment used for imaging and measurement of eye and ocular adnexae.
  3. Assess the principles and methods used for the electrophysiological assessment of patients’ vision.
  4. Discuss and evaluate patient special needs and circumstances as applied to ophthalmic and vision services, such as people with learning difficulties, cognitive and sensory impairment, physical disabilities, older people, paediatrics and intensive care.
  5. Describes the ways that non-NHS or external statutory, voluntary, charitable agency services in the community can assist with patient care in ophthalmic and vision services, i.e. social services.

Indicative Content

  • Routine test procedures and equipment used in the ophthalmic clinic for assessment of visual acuity, colour vision, visual field and refractive error
  • Clinical presentation, assessment, routine examination and management of common ophthalmic disorders
  • Clinical indications for and common methods of imaging and measurement of the eye and ocular adnexae with light, laser and ultrasound
  • Basic methods for assessment of refractive error of the eye Basic methods for assessment of binocular function
  • Modifications of assessment strategies and techniques according to patient age and any disabilities
  • Clinical indications for and methods used to assess electrophysiology of vision
  • The diversity of ophthalmic and vision services; special needs; people with learning difficulties, cognitive and sensory impairment, physical disabilities, older people, paediatrics, intensive care
  • Statutory, voluntary, charitable agencies or services, e.g. social services